SEPA Direct Debit customers are protected from payments taken in error.
In the case of any incorrect or fraudulent payments, the payer is entitled to a full and immediate refund from their bank. Unlike the UK Direct Debit Guarantee, however, the protections offered by SEPA Direct Debit are time limited.
This guide will explain the protections your customers receive, your obligations and how GoCardless can help you to manage any claims.
SEPA Core Direct Debit Scheme
The SEPA Core Direct Debit Scheme protects customers in three ways:
Notifications - Customers must be notified in advance of each payment. See our guide to taking payments for more details.
Refunds - Customers are (subject to time limits) entitled to refunds for authorised and unauthorised Direct Debit collections. See the refunds section (below) for further details.
Control - Customers are able to:
- Instruct how to handle incoming collections by specific merchants specifically or by drawing up black lists (blocking SEPA Direct Debits from certain merchants) and white lists (allowing SEPA Direct Debits from certain merchants)
- Set maximum payment amounts and specify payment intervals
- Block all Direct Debit collections from their account
SEPA B2B Direct Debit Scheme
The SEPA B2B Scheme is only available to businesses and therefore provides significantly weaker protections:
- Notifications - customers must be notified in advance of each payment. See our guide to taking payments for more details.
- Refunds – customers are (subject to time limits) only entitled to refunds for unauthorised Direct Debit collections. See Refunds (below) for further details.
- Validation by the customer’s bank - the payer’s bank must check that any mandate has been duly issued and authorised by the payer and that the mandate related data received with each collection corresponds with the information contained in the original mandate before debiting the payer’s account. The payer’s bank will also need to comply with any further verification instructions provided by the payer. This is because there is no right to a refund.
Each of the above protections are enforced by the banks and so form an intrinsic part of the SEPA Direct Debit scheme. Refunds are processed by the payer's bank without prior discussion with the merchant.
No-questions-asked refunds (Core scheme customers only)
Refunds which are requested within eight weeks of the SEPA Direct Debit being debited will be provided by a payer’s bank on a no-questions-asked basis.
If a refund is requested the customer's bank will immediately credit the customer with a full refund. They will then notify the merchant of the chargeback via our dashboard or API with a reason code (see our guide to receiving messages from the banks). The amount refunded to the customer will be automatically reclaimed from the merchant.
Refunds of unauthorised transactions (B2B and Core scheme customers (if not within eight weeks))
If the request for a refund concerns an unauthorised transaction (and, if under the Core Scheme, is not within eight weeks of the payment), a customer must present its claim and any supporting evidence to their bank within 13 months of the debit date.
A SEPA Direct Debit is deemed to be an unauthorised transaction if:
- No mandate exists.
- The mandate was invalid.
- The mandate has expired (no transactions for 36 months).
In practice, the customer's bank will always accept the word of the payer, and immediately credit them with a full refund. They will then notify the merchant of the chargeback via a message with a reason code (see our guide to receiving messages from the banks). The amount refunded to the customer will be reclaimed from the merchant automatically.
You may not agree that a chargeback claim should be upheld. If so you may have to contact the payer to handle the claim outside of the scheme. A chargeback claim under the SEPA Direct Debit scheme does not impact any contractual agreements between a merchant and their customer.
SEPA Customer Protections in action at GoCardless
These protections apply universally; however, GoCardless will help you to manage any chargeback claims by:
- immediately notifying you if a claim is made by one of your customers.
- working with you and your customer to understand the cause, resolve any issues and retake the payment if appropriate.
To find out more about collecting SEPA Direct Debits or to register your interest with GoCardless, check out our GoCardless Europe page.‹ View table of contents Next page ›